Five year old By the age of 5, most children have the following skills: Receptive Language: Understand opposites, e.g. high/low, wet/dry, big/little Follow three directions, e.g. "Stand up, get you shoes on and wait by the door" Expressive Language: Use complete sentences with correct grammar Talk about events which are happening, have happened or might happen Explain why something happens, e.g. "Mum's car stopped because the petrol ran out" Explain the function of objects, e.g. "This tie keeps my hair away" Talk about feelings and share ideas Speak clearly and should be understood by anyone Uses all pronouns correctly (he, she, him, her, I, you, them) Uses past, present and future tenses of verbs (sit, sitting, sits, will sit) Uses irregular verbs (drank, fell) with some consistency Explains details that occurred in the past with accurate detail Sounds that are correctly produced: p, b, t, d, m, n, h, y, w, ng k g l f sh ch s z v j Literacy: Listens and attends to stories Stories have a central character or event. There is a sequence of events that relate to the main character or event. Sentences are often linked with ‘and then’ or ‘and’ Become interested in writing, numbers &reading things (road signs, etc) Breaks words into syllables Generate words that rhyme Identify the 1st sound in words (in particular, own name, classmates, etc) Begin to break simple words into individual sounds (e.g. c-a-t) Know sounds related to letters Cause for concern: Unable to follow instructions at school Uses short sentence Makes many grammatical errors Showing little interest in letters, reading and writing Unable to generate rhyming words Finds it difficult to break words into syllables Limited ability to identify the sound a word begins with Making errors producing sounds (at this age it is children will still make errors when producing the sounds ‘r’ and ‘th’) Unable to accurately recount events from the past Name* First Last Email* PhoneComments: This iframe contains the logic required to handle AJAX powered Gravity Forms.